The book was widely read throughout the social sciences and humanities, and influenced intellectual agendas in these realms for decades.
Introduction Earth as we know it is an incredibly complex and fragile network of interconnected systems that have developed slowly over the last 4. From the ashes of the Big Bang this planet emerged as a mass of energy and elements.
From that newly born mass of energy and elements evolved structured, dynamic systems of solids, liquids, and gases. The evolution of this planet continued to unfold over billions of years in such a unique way that eventually conditions arose with the ability to foster life.
From the smallest microorganisms to the largest animals, all life on Earth has a common ancestor. Everything is connected to everything.
So how is it that our species has come to dominate the landscape in such a short period of time? Furthermore, what gives us the right to do so?
However, our rapid success as a species has begun to affect this natural order. The ability of humans to manipulate the landscape and recognize the consequences of doing so puts us in a peculiar position.
As a species we are assigned the duty to provide and proliferate.
Our goal is to achieve stability for ourselves and our kin. However we also have an obligation to maintain the environment, as we depend on the resources and services it provides.
The question then becomes: Do we have the right to manipulate the land, factory farm animals, and pollute waterways? Or do we have an obligation to reduce our numbers and merely subsist? In order to answer these questions we must rely on our knowledge of Earth, evolution, and our influence on the environment.
History Our relationship with nature has historically been one of imbalance and overuse. Nearly every step in human history has unfortunately been accompanied with a leap in environmental degradation. At first, humans were incredibly in-tune with their surroundings.
Nomadic hunter-gatherer tribes used to roam the lands, following the ebb and flow of the seasons. These tribes had a measurable impact on the environment, but their influence was relatively manageable due to their population size. With advancements in technology and agriculture though, humans began to find more efficient ways of sustaining themselves.
These advancements allowed for more permanent settlements, which led to rapid population growth and a distancing from nature. As society evolved, populations grew and more and more resources were required to fuel the expansion.
With breakthroughs in agriculture, settlements became more permanent and cities began to take shape. This shift to city life inadvertently led to a distancing from nature.
While many people were still in-tune with nature on a subsistent level, the need for more and more resources began to change our regard for nature. Although our distancing from nature began several thousand years ago with advancements in agriculture and social order, it is the age of industry to which we owe our modern regard for nature.
The growth of cities allowed for a separation between people and nature and our obsession with convenience and efficiency beckoned a new perspective on the environment.
With technological advancements, nature became something we were no longer apart of and entirely subject to, but something that we could control and profit off of.
The growth of industry enabled humans to truly dominate the landscape and disrupt the natural systems that have been in place for billions of years. As we have removed ourselves further and further from nature, we have developed a willing ignorance of our role and relationship within it.
With the growth of cities and trade we have moved from a subsistent, sustainable economy to one of greed and exploitation. Humans have always had an impact on the environment, but with the age of industry that impact has been ultra-magnified.
Population growth has been exponentiated, cities have become the primary place of residence, and the majority of the world is now out of touch with the workings of nature. Although every species plays a unique role in the biosphere and inherently has its own impact, not every species has the cognitive ability to measure their influence or the capacity to change it.
Humans are unique in that respect, which is the root of the problem. We know we are crippling the environment.
We have the ability to do something about it.
Therefore, we should make change where change is necessary. Economy The size of our population and its incessant desire to expand has an obvious impact on the environment. However, that impact is magnified with the demands of industry and capitalism.
In his book, Regarding Nature, Andrew McLaughlin identifies industrialism and the capitalist mindset as being especially influential on our regard for nature: Further causing a perceived division from nature is the economic structure we have allowed to infect most of the world.The sixth thesis on Feuerbach and the determination of human nature by social relations.
The sixth of the Theses on Feuerbach, written in , provided an early discussion by Marx of the concept of human nature. It states: Feuerbach resolves the essence of religion into the essence of man [menschliches Wesen = ‘human nature’].
But the essence of man is no abstraction inherent in each single individual. Written by Michael Pollan, this book is his perspective of human nature in relation to plants. He theorizes that Nature’s creation symbolize our emotional and physical desires.
Pollan uses four plants to prove his theory: Apples, Tulips, Marijuana, and Potatoes. Apples, .
Understanding human nature at a deep level is what we need to manage our relationships correctly. Need to Improve your Relations with Others? Start by Getting Human Nature Right. Reading Time: 4 . The main characteristics of human relations are as follows: 1. Human relations are an important process through which an individual’s attitude and work are integrated with a view to achieving a willing cooperation on their part in the achievement of the interests of an organization as a whole.
Nov 18, · Social economics is a metadiscipline in which economics is embedded in social, political, and cultural behaviors. It examines institutions, choice behavior, rationality as well as values in relation to markets (53).
Owing to its diverse structure, the human–nature relationship has . Cultural conditioning can override human nature.
In the early s, renowned anthropologist Clifford Geertz published his most influential book, The Interpretation of webkandii.com book was widely.